Register of Persons Holding a Controlled Interest in Land


The Register of Persons Holding a Controlled Interest in Land (RCI) is a RoS register, required by law, that will be available from 1 April 2022 and will be free to use.

The register will show who has significant influence or control over the owner or tenant (for more than 20 years) of land and property in Scotland where this information may not be publicly transparent elsewhere.

RCI will provide information on the people making key decisions on land and property.

The full regulations which establish RCI are available.

A supporting document, explaining the regulations is also available.

The regulations place a responsibility on owners and tenants (for more than 20 years) to supply information to RCI of their controlling interest from Friday 1 April 2022. There is a 12 month grace period to register before penalties become applicable for failure to do so.

Why it's needed

RCI shows who controls the decisions of owners or tenants (for more than 20 years) of land and property in Scotland.

It may not be clear who makes the decisions about land and property. The land register and the sasines register may not show this information. This can make contacting the correct people difficult.

For example:

If somebody wanted to contact an owner or tenant (for more than 20 years) about a piece of land, they could try to find this information from the land register or sasines register.

This will give details of the owner or tenant (for more than 20 years) of the land but not details of who can significantly influence or control their decision with that land.

RCI will help by showing those that influence or make decisions about land and property, and their contact details.

Who will need to register

Owners or tenants (for more than 20 years) of land or property may have a responsibility to supply information to RCI where:

  • there is someone with significant influence or control
  • the information is not publicly available elsewhere (for example, from the People with Significant Control Register at Companies House)

You can find more information about who is exempt from needing to give RCI information.

People and significant control

People who have significant influence or control are likely to be in the following categories:

  • persons who have certain contractual or other arrangements with an individual who owns or tenants land (for more than 20 years)
  • partnerships and persons who own or tenant land (for more than 20 years) on their behalf
  • trusts and persons who own or tenant land (for more than 20 years) as trustees of a trust
  • unincorporated bodies and persons who own or tenant land (for more than 20 years) on their behalf
  • overseas legal entities

Details on if you're subject to a controlling interest.

Timeline for RCI

2016 Land reform act introduced.2020 – 2021 RCI regulations introduced and passed. 1 April 2022 RCI open for registrations. 1 April 2023 Grace period ends, penalties become applicable for non-compliance.

What to do and what information will be needed

If the land or property is in the land register, we'll need the title number.

If the land or property is not in the land register, we'll need one of the following:

  • the property or land address (for example, postcode or street name)
  • a description of the property

The person who owns the property or lands details (known as the recorded person in RCI):

  • name
  • address
  • if a non-natural person (for example, an organisation), the registered number

Details on those who have significant influence or control (known as the associate in RCI) over the owner or tenant (for more than 20 years) including:

  • name
  • address
  • contact details

Registration will be open to owners, tenants (for more than 20 years) or representatives on their behalf (for example, solicitors or accountants).

To help you prepare for submission to RCI we will be providing more information in due course.

Responsibility for RCI

The Keeper of the Registers of Scotland (RoS) is responsible for establishing and maintaining RCI as a legal register.

This includes making sure the information supplied is entered into the register according to the regulations.

We keep public registers of land, property, and other legal documents in Scotland.

More information is available about RoS and our responsibilities.

How RCI was created

Information on the creation of RCI is available on the Scottish Government website.


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